Basic Information about Dental Caries

Aside from displaying sheer happiness, a beaming smile can also be associated with confidence and sociability. For the most part, dental clinics have played a major role in keeping the smile on American faces. However, a good smile can be ruined by ‘bad’ teeth. In fact, it is doubtful if one can smile confidently if his teeth have dental caries or cavities.

Dental caries, which are mainly responsible for developing teeth cavities, are a major problem for many people. Despite regular brushing and flossing, residues from food still get lodged in inaccessible spaces between teeth. If not removed, these food residues are acted upon by bacteria. As these bacteria feed, they release acids that corrode the enamel of the teeth, which will develop into cavitations, which are holes in the teeth’s structure.

Dental caries are produced by specific types of bacteria that, in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates like sucrose and fructose, produce lactic acid. The most common culprit is the bacteria called Streptococcus mutans. The lactic acid they produce dissolves the enamel, exposing the more sensitive areas underneath like the dentin, and so the individual feels pain.

Most people are unaware that the mouth has ways of combating the demineralization of teeth. Teeth are more sensitive to low pH (acidic medium), and the presence of saliva in the mouth helps neutralize this acid, allowing for remineralization. Dental caries develop if there is a greater rate of demineralization than remineralization.

According to one dental clinic in Brampton, people with reduced saliva production are more at risk of developing dental caries. Usually, these are the people who had undergone radiation therapy of the head and the neck. The radiation damages the cells of their salivary glands, making them more susceptible to caries formation. For people with this condition, it is recommended that they see a dentist at least twice a month.

Dentists diagnose dental caries by a thorough inspection of the tooth surface using a good light source, a dental mirror, and a dental explorer. Sometimes, dental caries develop in-between teeth and are not easily visible, so the dentist will order for a dental radiograph (X-ray) to better visualize them. As such, the diagnostic quality of a dental clinic Brampton has is a major consideration for residents who seek dental services.

You can learn more about dental caries and their solutions on LocalHealth.com. So if you have dental caries, or if you think you are at risk of developing them, a dental clinic in Brampton might just have the right tools and services to maintain your beaming smile.

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